1994 – Local sweating responses during recovery sleep after sleep deprivation in humans
Authors: G. Dewasmes, B. Bothorel, A. Nicolas, V. Candas, J.P. Libert, J. Ehrhart, A. Muzet
Published: Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1994;68(2):116-21
Changes in the central control of sweating were investigated in five sleep-deprived subjects (kept awake for 40 h) during their recovery sleep under warm ambient conditions [operative temperature (T(o)) was either 35 or 38 degrees C]. Oesophageal (T(oes)) and mean skin (Tsk) temperatures, chest sweat rate (msw,ch), and concomitant electro-encephalographic data were recorded. Throughout the night at 35 or 38 degrees C T(o), msw,ch changes were measured at a constant local chest skin temperature (Tch) of 35.5 degrees C. The results showed that body temperatures (T(oes) and Tsk) of sleep-deprived subjects were influenced by thermal and hypnogogic conditions. The msw,ch levels correlated positively with T(oes) in the subjects studied during sleep stage 1-2 (light sleep: LS), sleep stage 3-4 (slow wave sleep: SWS) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Contrary to what has been reported in normal sleep, firstly, the T(oes) threshold for sweating onset differed between REM sleep and both LS and SWS, and, secondly, the slopes of the msw,ch versus T(oes) relationships were unchanged between REM and non-REM (i.e. LS or SWS) sleep. The changes observed after sleep deprivation were hypothesized to be due to alterations in the functioning of the central nervous system controller.